Anthropometric Profile of Latin American Population: Results From the ELANS Study

Abr 2, 2024 | Publicaciones Fundación Bengoa

Anthropometric Profile of Latin American Population: Results From the ELANS Study

Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Irina Kovalskys, Alejandro Gerardi, Pablo Hernandez, Yaritza Sifontes, Georgina Gómez, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Betty Méndez-Pérez, Maritza Landaeta-Jimenez, Rossina Pareja, Lilia Yadira Cortés, Attilio Rigotti, Mauro Fisberg and Iona Zalcman Zimberg on behalf of the ELANS Study Group.

Background: Latin America has experienced changes in lifestyle since 1960.

Aim: The aim was to determine the prevalence of obesity and stunting among eight countries of Latin American and to identify the determinant risk factors for obesity.

Subjects and Methods: Data were obtained from 9,218 participants of the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS), a multicenter cross-sectional study of the representative samples in eight Latin American countries. All the participants completed a standard protocol to investigate the nutrient intake and anthropometric variables (weight, height, and circumferences) analyzed by country, gender, age, and socioeconomic status.

Results: The prevalence of obesity was higher in Costa Rica and Venezuela (29%) and lower in Colombia (16%), stunting was reported higher in Peru (47%) and lower in Argentina (17%), and waist and neck circumferences showed the higher values in Costa Rica (43%) and Chile (52%) and lower values in Colombia (23 and 26%).

Conclusion: This study indicates an increasing trend toward overweight and obesity that are associated with lower socioeconomic status, being a woman, and concurs with inadequate intakes of calcium, which may be related to poor quality diet and in the long term could constitute risk factors for the chronic diseases and a health burden to the region.

Keywords: Latin America, ELANS study, obesity, stunting, health risk

La Fundación para la Alimentación y Nutrición "José María Bengoa", se complace en invitarles a participar en el evento en youtube:

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